Perugia the splendid capital of Umbria has a lot to offer the visitor and there is a lot to see and discover; but in these short lines we will try to visit the city in one day.
Impossible not to see is Piazza IV novembre, the main square of the city overlooked by the main buildings of city power since the communal age and from there it is possible to access the majestic Corso Vannucci, at the end of this wide street there is a wonderful viewpoint that discovers the valley of Assisi and the Tiber valley, nearby is the historic Albergo Brufani from which Benito Mussolini harangued the crowds and started the March on Rome.
The Fontana Maggiore stands marvelously in the center of the square, symbol of the city, this celebratory fountain was built by the Municipality of Perugia, between 1275 and 1278, by the great artists of the time, Nicola and Giovanni Pisano, the source consists of two basins polygonal marble surmounted by a bronze cup, enriched by very valuable bas-reliefs that adorn the basins externally.
The great Cathedral of San Lorenzo, one of the patrons of Perugia, overlooks the square, on the side facing the square there is a pulpit, from where San Bernardino of Siena made his famous sermons.
To visit is certainly the Palazzo dei Priori, one of the greatest examples of Italian municipal architecture, built in the Gothic style between 1293 and 1443.
The building inside houses the very valuable Sala dei Notari and on the top floor houses the National Gallery of Umbria; in which there are works of art from the thirteenth to the nineteenth century, among which certainly stand out the great medieval and Renaissance masterpieces such as those of the likes of Duccio di Buoninsegna, Piero della Francesca, Beato Angelico, del Pinturicchio and the great artist of the city of Perugia, Pietro Vannucci known as Perugino, teacher of Raphael.
Another majestic architectural work to see is the Rocca Paolina a fortress, built by Pope Paul III Farnese, who represented the papal power in Perugia until the annexation of the city to the kingdom of Italy in 1860.
Also worth visiting are the Church of San Domenico, the Church of Sant'Ercolano, the Basilica of San Pietro, the oratory of San Bernardino and the Chapel of San Severo.